American Sign Language (ASL) a native sign
language used by the deaf in North America.
CC closed-captioned or closed-captioning;
subtitle-like captioning on television.
CODA Hearing children of deaf parents.
BSL British Sign Language, used in the United
Kingdom. This differs from ASL, particularly in that the
fingerspelling is done with both hands
Deaf refers to a particular group of deaf people
who share a native sign language and a culture, who hold
a set of beliefs, and who involve in the Deaf
deaf a general term and an audiological condiiton
of not hearing.
deaf-blind (Also deaf/blind and deafblind.) Having
some hearing loss and some sight loss. Very few deafblind
people are both profoundly deaf and totally blind.
Deafie(s)Slang a deaf person(s).
deafie(s)Slang a Deaf person(s).
GA: an abbreviation for "Go Ahead" used
Gestuno: an international sign language, usually
used at international deaf conferences/conventions.
Hands-On Signing This is used by some culturally
Deaf deaf-blind people. It is an adaption of
signing in that the receiver remains in physical contact
with the signer, so they can feel the handshapes and
movement of the signer's hands, and feel the
Hard of Hearing
hard of hearing
Hearie(s)Slang a hearing person(s).
hearie(s)Slang a hearing person(s).
hearing a general term of hearing person/people.
Hearing refers to hearing person/people.
hearing impaired a politically corrected name
termed by the hearing.
ISL The Sign Language used in Eire, i.e Southern
Langue des Signes Québecois (LSQ)Sign language in
French in Quebec, Canada.
Minitel TTY is to North America as Minitel is to
France. Minitel is a telecommunication device for the
deaf in France.
native sign language natural sign language
developed by the deaf people in their own county.
natural sign language native sign language
developed by the deaf people in their own country.
PSE (Pidgin Sign English mixed ASL and English
relay center message relayed between a deaf person
using TTY and hearing person on the phone through the
Rochester Method a method of simultaneous use of
speech and fingerspelling only (no signs) in education;
SEE Seeing Essential English, Signing Exact
Sign Language A visual, gestural language used by Deaf
people, which uses the hands, arms, upper body, head and
face to convey meaning. It differs from spoken and
written languages in that it uses three dimensions to
express relationships, and so it has a completely
different grammatical structure to a spoken language. Simultenaity
in the language allows a signer to use two signs at the
same time, which would be impossible in a written or
Simultenaity When signing, a person can form one
sign with one hand, and another sign with the other hand
at the same time, to make one whole sign which combines
the meaning of both. An example from BSL would be
"Born Deaf", which actually uses half of the
symmetrical sign "born" and the sign
"Deaf" at the same time.
SK: an abbreviation for "Stop Keying" on
TTYs to end conversations; like "bye"
TT: text telephone
TDD a modern term for Telephone Device for the
Deaf; a telephone device for the deaf.
TTY a traditional term for telecommunication
device for the deaf (Teletype).
Syndrome An inherited cause of deaf-blindness, this
is deafness combined with Retinitis
Pigmentosa. Retinitis Pigmentosa is a problem with
the retina (at the back of the eye) wich can result in
tunnel vision and difficulty seeing in dim light.
Visual Frame SigningFor some deaf-blind people,
Eg, those with Usher Syndrome it is necessary to
confine one's signing to a small space. This is because
they may have "tunnel vision."
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With a leading upper-case 'D', Deaf denotes the community
(which may include some Hearing as
well). With a leading lower-case 'd', deaf denotes the
medical pathology of profound hearing loss.
The analogue to Deaf. With a
leading upper-case 'H' Hearing denotes the community.
With a lower-case 'h' hearing denotes the ability to
Hard of hearing
(HOH) Persons with some remaining ability to acquire
sounds who do not use a signed
language, typically because they are late-deafened
An aggressive, imperialistic school of thought that holds
that Deafness is a condition to be treated, rather than a
culture to be savored. (My personal bias may have shown
Any of a number of methods of communication that depend
upon hand, arm, and facial gestures. These languages have
a complete grammar that allows description of things
past, emotions, etc.
The practice of getting meaning from a person's lip
movements; also known as lip-reading. Used mostly by the
late-deafened hard-of-hearing, who
have a lifetime of contextual hearing understanding of
the language being spoken.